bonsai tree flowers garden

Creating bonsai trees overall bonsai gardens is one of the most excellent sources of enriching one’s skills in bonsai art. Many people also do it just from their hobbies and curiosities.

People love to create bonsai gardens from ancient times to modern times all around the world. So when you’re reading this article, you are also one of those who want to know about bonsai gardens and the processes of making a bonsai garden.

So today, we’ve come up with an overall description of how to create bonsai gardens. So hopefully, you’ll get your answers regarding the article’s topic in the entire sections of our today’s article.

So let’s drive into the entire article and grab your answers.

Bonsai Tree Garden

How to make bonsai garden?

Before knowing the processes of making bonsai gardens, we have to know the types of bonsai gardens. Mainly, there are two types of bonsai gardens you will find.

Let’s have a look at this short description of them described below.

Indoor Bonsai Garden

Whereas bonsai trees are small and suitable to plant at home or office, most bonsai lovers like to create bonsai gardens in their inner parts of home or office to bring the wild beauty into the house as bonsai.

Generally, these kinds of bonsai gardens are called indoor bonsai gardens. An indoor bonsai garden can bring natural beauty and happiness into the home very quickly. It is also helpful to refresh one’s mind.

Outdoor Bonsai Garden

Most of us think that bonsai trees are just indoor plants. But undoubtedly, this is a wrong conception.

Trees always survive in the open air, in sunlight, and in humidity. So when we plant them at home, it can be a great challenge for them to be alive for a long time, and most of them can’t finally be live.

So we must think about outdoor bonsai gardens. An Outdoor bonsai garden allows you to plant any bonsai species you like. It also allows you to grow bonsai trees cheaply and with less labor.

How to create an indoor bonsai garden?

Creating an indoor bonsai garden isn’t a difficult task to do as you think. Enough knowledge on creating an indoor bonsai garden, enough budget, much consciousness, and hard work are all you need to create an indoor bonsai garden.

Indoore bonsai garden

So let’s see how to create an indoor bonsai garden.

Step-1: Select the area

First of all, you have to select an area in your house where you want to grow your garden.

When selecting the area, make sure that you have enough space, light, air, and humidity for your trees there. Otherwise, it will be harder and costlier to grow your trees into the garden.

Step-2: Make a dish in the area to turn into it a garden

After selecting the size, make a dish at that place where you’re going to plant your trees. This dish will act as your garden. This type of garden is also called a bonsai dish garden.

To create a dish garden, you can choose any dish like ceramic or wooden dishes. But a ceramic plate with a hole for drainage of excess water from the pot would be the best choice for your garden. It also can be smaller or bigger depending on your space and preference.

Step-3: Choose your bonsai species

There are several bonsai tree species you will find. But you have to choose the suitable one for your garden depending on the weather and surrounding of your place.

Let’s look at the list added here for choosing bonsai tree species for your indoor garden.

  • Ficus
  • Portulacaria
  • Juniper
  • Trident Maple
  • Japanese Maple
  • Camellia
  • Fir

Step-4: Make soil

After choosing the bonsai species, fill your dish garden with soil where you will plant your trees. But you can’t use average soils. Bonsai trees need particular soil to grow and to live.

The soil must contain enough water. But the garden must have the ability of quick drainage of excess water.

As we know, the air is a significant thing for trees. So make sure this soil consists of good aeration for your trees.

Then make a mixture of organic and inorganic soil. For example, you can use Akadama, Cat litter, or Fired clay as inorganic bonsai soil and composted bark or peat as organic soil.

Step-5: Fill the dish with soil

Once you make a mixture of soil, now fill your dish garden with the ground to plant the trees into it.

Step-6: Buy your tree species and plant the trees into the garden

After selecting the tree species, purchase them from any special bonsai nursery.

Now it’s time to plant the trees into the pot you prepared for planting. First, place a layer of organic soil or inorganic soil on the pot.

Then cut the roots of your bonsai to the desired length so that it can fit into your pot. But don’t cut them too much. They could die for the lack of enough roots.

Now place your tree into the pot and tie the root system with wire to keep it in place. Then cover the top of the roots with the rest of the soil you made.

Step-7: Shaping and Pruning

Shaping and pruning are inseparably related to each other. Therefore, proper pruning must be done to get the actual shape of your bonsai trees.

Wiring the tree is one of the best ways to get the desired shape of your tree. You can use copper or aluminum wire to wire your tree. Aluminum wires are safer but weaker. On the contrary, copper wires are more vital but can be risky for your trees that can scare the trees.

Step-8: Decorating the garden

Now decorate your garden to bring the real feelings of a landscape or a garden into it. You can use small grasses, rocks, shells, moss, and decorative pieces to bring life and natural beauty to it.

Step-9: Maintaining the garden

Once you are done with your indoor bonsai dish garden, you have to maintain it properly so that the garden can be healthy and robust all time.

In that case, regularly keep watering your trees with a spray bottle. When you see the soil on the top is dry, start watering your trees until excess water starts blowing by the pot’s drainage hole.

To keep the trees healthy and lively, ensure they are getting proper nutrition, sunlit, air, and humidity. You can use fertilizer or foliar spray to fulfill the nutritional needs of your bonsai trees in the garden.

How to create an outdoor bonsai garden?

People think bonsai trees are only for indoors. But the thing is, they’re trees, and they also need proper air, water, light, and humidity to survive like other wild plants.

Outdoor Bonsai Garden

So it is challenging for them to survive at home in

Step-1: Select the place for gardening

Selecting a perfect area is the first step to creating an outdoor bonsai garden. Although, generally, you can use any of the neglected parts of your garden or courtyard, a place without having extreme winds would be the best choice in that case.

Trees are basically like plenty of light, cool weather, and humid air. So try to select an area that isn’t too hot or cold or filled with dry air.

Step-2: Decorate the place for planting

Once you’ve selected the place for creating the garden, you have to decorate the home as suitable for your bonsai garden.

First of all, weed the whole area and make sure the land is entirely parallel. Then select the location where you’re going to display your bonsai trees.

At this point, you have to remember that you can’t keep them on the floor. Because bonsai trees are tiny in size and so they need to be raised to look after.

Placing them on benches, tables, or walls is best to keep them at the proper height. You can make a bonsai bench or table in your own choice and design. Creating a fence around the location is another way to make the surrounding of your garden more effective.

Step-3: Judge the weather and choose your bonsai tree species

Almost all of us know how important the weather is for the proper growth and survival of the plant. So when it comes to choosing a bonsai species for your garden, you must judge the temperature of your place. Then select the suitable species for your garden depending on the weather. An informative bonsai book related to the facts can help you the best.

Almost all kinds of bonsai species are outdoor plants. When you select a bonsai species for indoor plants, you need to think about so many things. But choosing them for outdoor plants isn’t so tricky like that.

We attached here a shortlist of some of the outdoor bonsai tree species so that you can quickly determine your preferred outdoor bonsai species. But choosing a native species is always a good selection.

  • Pine
  • Crab apple
  • Japanese maple
  • Azalea
  • Wisteria
  • Chinese elm
  • Juniper
  • Japanese holly
  • Weeping fig
  • Trident Maple

Step-4: Choose suitable pots for planting the bonsai trees

A perfect bonsai pot for a bonsai tree plays a vital role in keeping the tree’s health well. It is also essential to reflect the beauty of your tree in a better way.

First of all, select a pot depending on the size of your tree. You must maintain the proper combination of pot and tree size. Besides, a pot with an excess water drainage hole is the best choice for your tree.

Step-5: Fill the pots with soil and plant trees.

After selecting the pot, fill the pot with soil. Before filling the pot, ensure that the soil contains the proper proportion of organic and inorganic soil. A perfect mixture of organic and inorganic soil is the best soil for any bonsai tree.

So when the pot is filled with soil, it’s time to plant your tree. First, cut the tree’s roots in proper shape and desired length to put the tree in the pot ideally. Finally, cover the top of the root well with the soil you used inside the pot.

Step-6: Shaping and Pruning the trees

We all know how important it is to shape and prune to get a healthy and perfect bonsai tree. So after planting the trees, keep shaping and pruning your trees regularly.

Doing pruning is required to maintain the shape of a tree. For pruning, prune outgrown branches and shoots using twig shears or any regular cutters.

For maintaining the proper shape of a tree, wiring the tree is another valuable way to get in the final result. Using copper or aluminum wire can help you get the more acceptable growth of your tree and a dense canopy.

Step-7: Place the pots in the garden

When planting becomes finished, place your bonsai tree pots on the benches in the garden. You can arrange them in your garden in any way or style you like.

Just be careful that there is a proper distance between any two trees and let not the shadow of one fall upon the other.

Step-8: Maintain your garden properly

The beauty and perfection of your garden will ultimately depend on how nicely you’re maintaining your garden. There are several ways to enrich the beauty and perfection of an outdoor bonsai garden.

You will find a wide range of ornamental grasses available in various colors. You can bring them and grow them in your garden to make the park more colorful and lively.

Planting bamboo in the bonsai garden is another way to make the park more natural. They look great with bonsai. But never bring any bamboo into your garden without knowing its purposes properly.

Some kinds of bamboo are spreading, where some of them are clump-forming. So planting clump-forming bamboo would be the best choice for you.

Final Thoughts

Creating bonsai gardens is more entertaining and enjoyable than the difficulties we face while making the garden. To become successful with a bonsai garden and avoid its problems, we must have proper knowledge about it.

We must know about bonsai tree species that can realistically survive indoors or which can’t. Truthfully most of the bonsai tree species are outdoors. And it isn’t easy to keep them healthy indoors for a long time.

However, at the end of the writing, we highly recommend that you try to learn the process of making bonsai gardens practically from the gardeners or nursery specialists besides reading books or articles like this.

So happy gardening and see you soon in another article.